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CVs and cover letters: Example CVs

Selecting the right CV to highlight your skills and experiences is extremely important. Find out which type would be the most effective for you

People often create one CV and then send this out regardless of the job or employer. This is a mistake and it could lead to you missing out on an interview invitation, or even a job offer.

Tailoring your CV is essential and so the more effort you put into it the better. The CV must highlight skills which match the recruiter's needs and sometimes you may need to employ a different CV template to achieve this.


Traditional CV

Image: CV traditional

The traditional CV, sometimes known as a chronological CV is used to match your qualifications and work experience with the requirements for the job role. The CV is structured in reverse chronological order i.e. the most recent qualifications and experience are listed first.

This type of CV makes it easy for employers to identify potential candidates. This format allows you to provide clear details of your qualifications, work history and responsibilities which match the criteria provided in the job description.

It's important to include:

  • dates - cover any gaps in your history;
  • qualifications and work experience - match these to the role you're applying for;
  • additional skills and knowledge - cover essential criteria for the role.

See our example of a traditional CV.


Skills-based CV

Image: CV skills

The skills-based CV, also known as a functional CV, can be used if you have gaps in your employment history. This type of CV is also useful if you have limited experience or you are applying for a job which is not related to your degree subject.

Employability skills are transferable to different roles and employers. The skills-based CV allows you to focus on the skills you have developed in various areas of your life.

It's important to:

  • position your skills profile prominently;
  • match skills with the role profile and use the same headings;
  • provide evidence of how you've used your skill in a real life situation.

See our example of a skills-based CV.


Academic CV

Image: CV academic

Academic CVs are focused on your academic achievements and are used when applying for lecturing or research-based roles, including post-doctoral research. Although there is no page limit, it's important to keep your CV concise and targeted to the requirements of the role.

Your research and academic achievements, research interest and specialist skills should be placed on the first page, if possible. Ensure your writing style is scholarly but clearly understood to those outside your field of interest. Each section should be in reverse chronological order.

Remember to include:

  • your research outcomes and future developments;
  • details of your specialist skills;
  • funding, awarded grants, conferences attended, professional memberships and publications.

See our example of a academic CV.


To find out how to market a PhD effectively, see your PhD, what next? If you're a postgraduate but not looking for an academic career, your CV should follow an alternative layout.


Teaching CV

Teaching CV

To make your teaching CV stand out from the rest, target your application to the post you are applying for. Highlight the qualifications and experience you have gained, including:

  • qualifications, particularly details of your teacher training and any additional teaching qualifications such as dance or music;
  • relevant modules from your degree;
  • details of school experience, particularly in the age range you want to teach;
  • any other teaching experience e.g. sports coaching, summer camps, youth groups;
  • any relevant voluntary experience;
  • any interests relevant to teaching e.g. musical abilities, sporting activities;
  • any skills that will be useful in the role e.g. leadership, IT and languages.

Increasingly, local authorities and schools follow 'safer recruitment procedures' and so ask all applicants to complete a standard application form. That way no-one can hide information, which may be possible in a cleverly written CV.

See our example of a teaching CV.

To find out more about teaching, see teaching and education.


Technical CV for IT jobs

Image: CV IT

An IT CV, also known as a technical CV, can be used to apply for roles such as web developer, IT consultant, software tester or applications developer.

Include an introductory paragraph which mentions your technical expertise and experience and incorporate a 'key skills' heading which will allow for more detail when discussing technical competencies.

While you might be tempted to showcase all your technical abilities at once, ensure that you highlight relevant skills first and foremost. You should also bear in mind that the document will need to be understood by non-technical people such as HR managers.

Focus on your:

  • ability to maintain existing software applications and develop new ones;
  • experience of applying technical standards, theories and techniques;
  • problem-solving capabilities;
  • communication skills.

See our example of a technical CV for IT jobs.


To find out more about what information to include in a CV, see how to write a CV and cover letters.

If you are a student, ask your university careers and employability service to check your CV and cover letter for you.

Written by Editor, Prospects
April 2015

Graduate jobs


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