Bioinformatics - uses mathematical and computational methods to analyse biological, biochemical and biophysical data generated from projects such as the human genome project.
Cheminformatics - the combination of chemical synthesis, biological screening and data-mining approaches used to guide drug discovery and development.
Combinatorial chemistry - a chemistry-based technology. Sets of reactions for solution or solid-phase synthesis are used to create molecular libraries for analysis of compounds on a large scale.
FDA - Food and Drug Administration. US government agency that oversees the safety of most foods and medical products worldwide.
Gene therapy - the process of introducing new genes into the DNA of a person's cells to correct a genetic disease or flaw.
GLP - good laboratory practice.
GMP - good manufacturing practice.
HPLC - high performance liquid chromatography.
Metabolomics - the global analysis of metabolites - molecules generated from the whole range of biochemical processes in a living organism.
Nanotechnology - an emerging interdisciplinary technology related to features of nanometre scale, e.g. thin films, fine particles, chemical synthesis and advanced microlithography. A nanometre is one billionth of a metre.
Neuroinformatics - invents new computing paradigms, e.g. artificial neural networks, by studying information processing in the brain in order to understand the dynamics of the conscious mind.
Photonics - the technology of generating and harnessing light radiant energy, whose quantum unit is the photon.
Proteomics - the identification and quantification of proteins and the determination of their localisation, activities and, ultimately, their function.
Written by Charlotte Ashley-Roberts, Royal Society of Chemistry
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