The health and education sectors employ 60% of the science workforce, with the remainder of scientists working across a range of sectors (The Science Council, 2011), including:
The following government departments and agencies are also among the main recruiters:
SMEs are organisations with fewer than 250 employees and an annual turnover of no more than £44million. Working for a smaller company can be rewarding because you are more likely to forge a path for yourself within the company, although opportunities to try other departments may be limited.
SMEs are unlikely to use the testing and assessment techniques of larger companies or follow lengthy recruitment procedures. SMEs are more likely to advertise their vacancies through the local press, university careers service bulletins, local graduate vacancy listings, jobcentres and word of mouth, rather than rely on their reputation and a presence at graduate recruitment fairs.
Your university careers service should have listings of jobs with small firms. See also the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) .
It is possible to become self-employed or work freelance within certain sectors once you have built up experience. Opportunities mainly exist within consultancy, science writing and editing, and sales.
Find out more about self-employment.
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