The media and publishing sector is going through a transitional period due to an influx of technology. Find out where you can apply your skills...
There are just under one million people employed in the UK media industry, according to the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES). Opportunities for employment can be found in:
In contrast the publishing industry is smaller, with 148,000 people employed in the UK. There are a number of areas you can enter including:
There are also different stages of the publishing process which you can be involved in. These include: creation and design; distribution and retail; or production.
In the publishing sector, as with many other sectors, you can also work in accounting, human resources, marketing and sales. For example, marketing is an influential role in the bookselling industry.
In January 2011 there were 2,190 graduates from UK universities working in the publishing industry, according to the Destination of Leavers from Higher Education (DHLE) survey 2010/11. Of those graduates, the most popular occupations were journalists (14.6%), editors (13.7%) and authors and writers (9.1%).
For examples of job roles in this sector, see graduate jobs in media and publishing.
The creative media and entertainment business is dominated by small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), with two thirds of employers in the industry operating with between 2 to 4 people.
Examples of well-respected companies operating in the UK media sector include:
Publishing contains a mixture of large companies and SMEs. The Pearson Group is a world leader in print publishing. It is responsible for: the Financial Times and the Economist; Pearson Education; and Penguin book publishing.
Large businesses that exist in the publishing sector include:
Graduates entering the media and publishing sector can expect:
Recent advances in technology has seen a rapid change in the publishing industry.
The move from print to digital saw a drop in the number of publishing establishments. Technology-based companies have sprung to the fore, most notably Apple, Amazon and Google, with e-reading devices such as the Amazon Kindle and Apple's iPad.
The expansion of digital media has created a need for highly specialised skills, particularly in the visual effects and film industry. Multi-skilled applicants are much sought after in media for their ability to understand different platforms of technology.
Working as a freelancer in the media industry is now commonplace, a trend which came about during the recession and looks set to stay.
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