Research course

Paper Science

The University of Manchester · School of Materials

Entry requirements

For direct entry from your undergraduate degree, you will need to be a science and engineering graduate with at least a 2.1 Honours degree or equivalent. There are alternative routes to a PhD, through completion of other postgraduate qualifications

Months of entry

January, September, July, April

Course content

The Paper Science research programmes are part of a dynamic research area within the school. We have close links with industry and much of our research impacts directly on current industry practice. Our academic team are highly rated within the paper science sector, and are regarded as experts in their field.

The subject

The range of materials classed as paper is diverse, from bathroom tissue to cardboard; but, despite the physical differences, they have the same chemical composition, consisting primarily of natural cellulosic fibres. The difference in the type of paper arises from the choice of raw material and the influence of the manufacturing process.

Our research

Our research covers the influence of factors, such as recycling and process chemistry, on the physical properties of the sheet, and looks at ways to improve them. We also look at improving the efficiency of raw materials and energy in manufacturing processes.

Industry links

We have strong ties with industry, including collaboration with Aylesford Newsprint, Billerud, Abitibi Consolidated, and M-Real. Our research impacts directly on paper manufacturers, and their suppliers and customers, and we are consistently approached by industry to collaborate and give expert advice on research projects.

Research projects

Some of our recent research projects include:

  • Analysis of factors affecting the pore size distribution of paper
  • Measurement and modelling of paper shrinkage during manufacture
  • The influence of sheet uniformity and starch on the strength of recycled board

Information for international students

If English is not your first language, you will need to take and meet minimum requirements for the following recognised English language qualifications: IELTS (6.5 with no sub-test under 5.5); TOEFL (570 with 5.0 in TWE); CBTOEFL (230 with 5.0 in TWE). Please contact us if you have an alternative qualification and we will make an individual assessment.

We accept a range of qualifications from different countries. For these and general requirements including English language see entry requirements from your country .

Fees and funding

UK students
International students
Standard £22,000, Low £23,000, High £25,000

You can apply for a range of scholarships and studentships -

Qualification and course duration


part time
72 months
full time
36 months


part time
24 months
full time
12 months

Course contact details

School of Materials
+44 (0)161 306 3612