Oceanographers use science and mathematics to study and explain the complex interactions between seawater, fresh water, polar ice caps, the atmosphere and the biosphere. They are involved in areas such as mineral exploitation, shipping, fisheries, coastal construction, pollution, weather prediction, climate change and renewable energy.
There are four main types of oceanographer:
Oceanographers use a wide range of data sources including buoys, robotic vehicles, satellites, acoustic and pneumatic sensors and probes into the seabed.
Oceanographers work in offices and laboratories in academia, industry and government, often in multidisciplinary teams. Typical tasks depend on the type of job, employer and level of training and experience and may include:
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