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Oceanographers use science and mathematics to study and explain the complex interactions between seawater, fresh water, polar ice caps, the atmosphere and the biosphere. Their aim is to understand and predict how the oceans work, as well as working out how to make the most efficient and sustainable use of its resources.
There are four main types of oceanographer:
They are involved in areas such as mineral exploitation, shipping, fisheries, coastal construction, pollution, weather prediction, climate change and renewable energy.
Tasks vary depending on whether you are undertaking laboratory or office-based work, which involves computer modelling, or whether you are at sea on a research vessel, gathering data from subsurface instruments. Tasks will also depend on the type of employer and your level of training and experience, but may include:
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