The aim of medical research is to increase the body of scientific knowledge on topics related to medicine through the use of experiments. Medical research scientists may also work to develop new, or improve existing, drugs, treatments or other medically related products.
Research can be carried out at various levels and may range from investigating the underlying basis of health and disease to conducting clinical research to investigate methods of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of human disorders. Molecular research may be carried out using appropriate cell and animal models, or human volunteers may be used to study the clinical effects of various factors.
Medical research takes place in higher education institutions, research institutes, hospitals and industry. The specifics of the role vary according to the setting, but much of the work is laboratory-based. Tasks typically include:
Medical research scientists are also concerned with disseminating the results of their work to others. This includes:
Scientists also need to keep up to date with other research being carried out in, or related to, their field of study. Activities that enable them to stay in touch with developments and advances in their field include:
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