Structural engineers design structures to withstand stresses and pressures, such as weather and human use. They ensure buildings and other structures do not bend, twist, collapse or vibrate and remain strong and secure throughout their use.
Structural engineers help to design most structures including houses, theatres, sports venues, hospitals, office blocks, bridges, oil rigs, space satellites, ships and aircraft. They work in close partnership with architects.
Structural engineers have to choose appropriate materials, such as bricks, concrete, wood and metal, to meet design specifications. When construction has begun, they are often involved in inspecting the work and advising contractors.
They also examine existing buildings and other structures to test if they are structurally sound and still fit for purpose. Structural engineers have to make efficient use of funds and materials in order to achieve structural goals.
Tasks may vary depending on the structure being worked on and size of the team, but typically include:
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