A physics degree is a great starting point for a career in scientific research, as well as in a range of careers in the business, finance, IT and engineering sectors

Job options

Jobs directly related to your degree include:

Jobs where your degree would be useful include:

Remember that many employers accept applications from graduates with any degree subject, so don't restrict your thinking to the jobs listed here.

Work experience

Make the most of any opportunities to gain relevant work experience, such as a placement or year out in industry as part of your degree. Use this time to gain practical skills to complement your academic studies and to build a network of contacts.

Get involved with specialist groups and relevant professional bodies, such as the Institute of Physics.

If you want a career in science, look for part-time or vacation work in a laboratory as a laboratory technician or assistant. Vacation work or summer internships that develop teamwork, leadership and communication skills are also helpful.

Whichever career you're interested in, getting relevant experience will help boost you chances of getting a job. For example, if you want to be a teacher, try to get experience in the classroom observing and working with students.

Search for placements and find out more about work experience and internships.

Typical employers

Employers of physics graduates include academic institutions, schools and colleges, government research organisations, the armed forces and industry.

Industries employing physicists are varied and include:

  • aerospace and defence
  • education
  • energy and renewable energy
  • engineering
  • health and medicine
  • instrumentation
  • manufacturing
  • meteorology and climate change
  • nanotechnology
  • oil and gas
  • science and telecommunications.

Physics graduates also move into careers outside of science. Popular options include banking and finance, as well as the software, computing and consultancy industries. Other areas include accountancy, law and transport.

Find information on employers in engineering and manufacturing, information technology, science and pharmaceuticals and other job sectors.

Skills for your CV

Studying physics develops your understanding of core physics and gives you a range of subject-specific skills in areas such as astronomy, computational and experimental physics, condensed matter, dynamics, electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

You also develop transferable skills valued by a range of both technical and non-technical employers. These include:

  • problem-solving skills and a pragmatic and analytical approach
  • reasoning skills and the capacity to construct logical arguments and grasp complex problems
  • research and data analysis 
  • numeracy skills, helpful for finding solutions to scientific problems, mathematical modelling and interpreting and presenting graphs
  • practical skills, such as using technical equipment
  • the ability to communicate complex ideas and use technical language correctly, discussing ideas and taking on other viewpoints
  • teamworking and project management skills
  • effective time management and organisational skills
  • competence at using specialist software packages and some programming.

Further study

Some physics graduates go on to further study at postgraduate level in order to enhance their knowledge of a particular area of physics. Relevant subjects include:

  • astrophysics
  • quantum physics
  • particle physics
  • mathematical physics
  • thermodynamics
  • nanotechnology.

Another option is to complete a teaching qualification, for example a PGCE (PGDE in Scotland), to pursue a career as a physics teacher. A PhD may be the appropriate route if you wish to work in scientific research.

There are also opportunities to take courses in marketing, finance, business, law, IT and journalism, depending on your career interests.

For more information on further study and to find a course that interests you, see Masters degrees and search postgraduate courses in physics.

What do physics graduates do?

The most popular job for physics graduates employed in the UK is IT professional, with 24% reporting this as their most important activity. The top ten jobs also include natural and social science professionals (8%), engineering professionals (8%), business, research and administrative professionals (7%), teaching professionals (6%), business associate professionals (5%), finance professionals (5%) and science engineering and production technicians (3%).

Further study20.2
Working and studying10.9
Graduate destinations for physics
Type of workPercentage
Business, HR and finance22.5
Types of work entered in the UK

For a detailed breakdown of what physics graduates are doing after graduation, see What do graduates do?

Graduate Outcomes survey data from HESA.

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