Health and safety advisers use their knowledge and skills to promote a positive health and safety culture in the workplace
You'll also ensure that employers and workers comply with safety legislation and that safety policies and practices are adopted and adhered to.
You can work in a range of organisations, from multinationals to small consultancies, and could be known as a health and safety officer or practitioner. You'll also plan, implement, monitor and review protective and preventative safety measures.
As a health and safety adviser, you'll need to:
- carry out risk assessments and consider how risks could be reduced
- outline safe operational procedures which identify and consider all relevant hazards
- carry out regular site inspections to check policies and procedures are being properly implemented
- ensure working practices are safe and comply with legislation
- prepare health and safety strategies and develop internal policy
- lead in-house training with managers and employees about health and safety issues and risks
- keep records of inspection findings and produce reports that suggest improvements
- record incidents and accidents and produce statistics for managers
- keep up to date with new legislation and maintain a working knowledge of all Health and Safety Executive (HSE) legislation and any developments that affect the employer's industry
- attend Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH) seminars and read professional journals
- produce management reports, newsletters and bulletins
- ensure equipment is installed safely
- manage and organise the safe disposal of hazardous substances, e.g. asbestos
- advise on a range of specialist areas, e.g. fire regulations, hazardous substances, noise, safeguarding machinery and occupational diseases.
- Starting salaries for health and safety assistants/coordinators are usually in the region of £22,000 to £32,000.
- The role of health and safety officer/adviser attracts a salary of around £30,000 to £42,000.
- Heads of health and safety earn in the region of £52,000 to £73,000.
Salaries vary significantly depending on the sector, the size of the employing organisation and your level of experience and qualifications.
Salaries for those working abroad are often higher than salaries for those based in the UK and other benefits may include medical insurance, bonuses and a company car.
Salary figures from IOSH magazine 2022 salary survey.
Income figures are intended as a guide only.
Although working hours are typically 9am to 5pm, Monday to Friday, you may be required to work irregular hours in the case of an accident or if working shifts.
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What to expect
- Work is generally office based, although in some roles you may spend a lot of time in the factory, plant or other working premises, such as construction sites, offshore platforms, transportation systems and large-scale processing plants, sometimes in extreme weather conditions. Other work locations could include sport facilities, aviation centres, theatres or schools, for example.
- Jobs are available throughout the UK and there are some opportunities to work overseas.
- Some activities may involve working at heights, in cramped, noisy, dirty or dangerous places and conditions, though this is not the typical work environment.
- You may need to wear protective clothing when visiting workplaces.
- Travel during the day is common for those with multi-site responsibility.
Increasingly, health and safety is a first-choice career for young people. There are a growing number of health and safety undergraduate degrees in the UK, and there are local apprenticeship schemes, such as the Level 3 Apprenticeship in Safety, Health, and Environment (SHE) in England.
Often, existing employees are allocated the job of overseeing safety as an additional responsibility which then develops into a full-time focus. Therefore, many people change career by moving into health and safety.
Many degree-level qualifications are provided at postgraduate level and are aimed at those looking to become health and safety professionals. Therefore, some students choose to take an undergraduate degree in an affiliated subject, such as science and then go on to postgraduate study.
The Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH), the Chartered body for occupational safety and health professionals, has a list of accredited qualifications delivered by universities and awarding bodies.
Entry without a degree is possible, provided you achieve an appropriate combination of relevant health and safety qualifications and experience.
There are numerous qualifications available, many with no minimum academic entry requirements, including:
- The National General Certificate in Occupational Health and Safety - delivered by the National Examination Board in Occupational Safety and Health (NEBOSH) and providing a good understanding of a broad range of health and safety issues
- The Certificate in Applied Health and Safety awarded by National Compliance and Risk Qualifications (NCRQ) - this unit counts towards the Level 6 Diploma in Applied Health and Safety.
- NEBOSH National Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety
- British Safety Council Level 6 Diploma in Occupational Health & Safety
- City & Guilds Level 5 (NVQ) Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety Practice
- NCRQ Level 6 Diploma in Applied Health and Safety.
A background, or experience in, any of the following areas may be useful:
- risk assessment
- STEM subjects.
You'll need to show evidence of the following:
- excellent written and spoken communication skills in order to explain health and safety processes to a range of people and to give presentations to groups
- negotiating skills to convince managers of the need to implement and maintain safety standards that may compromise speed or efficiency in the organisation
- patience and diplomacy because the profession requires a collaborative approach
- the ability to understand and analyse complex information and present it simply and accurately
- an investigative mind
- IT skills
- attention to detail
- a flexible approach to work
- an interest in the law and the ability to understand regulations
- physical fitness, if your work will involve time on large-scale plants or on outdoor sites
- a driving licence - essential for jobs involving travel between sites.
Try to gain practical health and safety experience in the area that you'd like to work in. For example, if you're interested in working for local government, a period of experience with a local environmental health department would be useful.
Experience of working in a scientific and technical field at an operational level can be very useful, especially if you gain an understanding of industrial processes.
Work shadowing is also valuable as it provides an opportunity to talk to experienced professionals. Experience as a health and safety representative can also be useful. Contact your local IOSH branch for help and advice.
Find out more about the different kinds of work experience and internships that are available.
Health and safety advisers are employed in a variety of settings, including:
- chemicals and allied industries
- companies involved in the transport network
- construction companies
- education and training institutions
- engineering firms
- fire and rescue services
- food, drink and tobacco industries
- hospitals and clinics
- hotel and restaurant chains
- industrial, processing and manufacturing plants
- large companies with responsibility for many office workers
- local authorities and national government organisations
- local government
- oil and gas companies
- transport companies
- universities and colleges.
With experience you could work as a consultant, specialising in supporting small organisations, giving specialist advice and helping businesses to stay up to date with the latest health and safety regulations.
Look for job vacancies at:
You can also look to websites, journals and publications of the industry you're interested in, for example within the health sector.
There are also several specialist recruitment agencies that advertise vacancies.
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The training you'll receive will consist of on-the-job learning, complemented by short, in-house or external training courses, which may be run by:
- health and safety consultants
- local colleges and universities
- training departments.
If you don't already have professional qualifications, your training is likely to include part-time study for NEBOSH, NCRQ or City and Guilds NVQ certificates and diplomas and British Safety Council qualifications, such as the Level 3 Certificate in Occupational Safety and Health.
These qualifications meet the academic requirement for graduate membership of IOSH (Grad IOSH).
As a graduate member you can work towards chartered membership of IOSH (CMIOSH). This involves successfully completing a two-year Initial Professional Development (IPD) scheme. As a chartered member, you must undertake continuing professional development (CPD).
Membership of IOSH or the International Institute of Risk and Safety Management (IIRSM) is helpful for career progression and provides a structured route of CPD, as well as opportunities for networking and making contacts.
Many health and safety advisers work for organisations who are members of the British Safety Council and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA).
You may wish to specialise in a particular industrial sector once you've gained enough experience, in an area such as terrorism, nuclear safety, or offshore oil and gas.
Being flexible about which organisation you work for and the location that you work in will give you greater opportunities for progression.
With experience, you can also move into management at regional and group level, where you might have responsibility for a team of advisers. Or, you may choose to become a consultant, providing specialist advice and support to small organisations.
Another option is to move across into academia, where you could lecture, and carry out research, on BSc and MSc courses. Alternatively, in further education, you could work as a course lecturer for the NEBOSH or Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH).