You have to be a registered nurse or midwife to be able to train to become a health visitor. You can then work in the community with new parents and children under the age of 5 to promote good health and wellbeing
As a health visitor, you'll support children aged between 0-5 years and their families, with the aim of giving them the best start in life. This includes identifying health or developmental needs, promoting health and wellbeing and reducing inequalities. You'll work with parents to help and support them and provide any necessary guidance and advice.
You can meet with families in their homes, clinics or in a community setting, and will liaise with other professionals such as nurses, GPs, midwives, social workers and childcare providers.
To become a health visitor you'll first need to be a qualified and registered nurse or midwife and will then need to undertake an approved programme of training.
In addition to working with children and their families, you may also work with at-risk or deprived groups such as addicts, the homeless or travellers.
As a health visitor, you'll:
- advise and inform new parents on issues such as feeding (including breast feeding, infant feeding, weaning and healthy eating), sleeping, home safety, physical and emotional development, immunisation and other aspects of childcare
- give support from early pregnancy and birth up to the child's fifth birthday - providing a gateway to other services as required
- carry out health reviews, including the two-year health review, to assess growth, development, language and communication and identify any needs and required support
- identify risk factors and signs of concern for the child and work with organisations to protect and safeguard children, as well as making sure families receive support during safeguarding arrangements
- manage parent and baby clinics at surgeries, community and Sure Start children's centres, and run specialist sessions on areas such as baby massage, exercise and child development
- provide support in a range of areas including maternal mental health, domestic violence and healthy weight and nutrition
- support government initiatives to tackle child poverty and social exclusion and use specialist healthcare interventions to meet the needs of families
- maintain and update client records.
The role varies depending on the location and you may be given a specialist area to work in.
- Health visitors usually start at Band 6 of the NHS Agenda for Change (AfC) pay scale. This begins with salaries of £32,306 for those with less than two years' experience and rises up to £39,027 once you’ve got more than five years' experience.
- Team managers and health visitor specialists can earn up to £45,839 on Band 7 of the scale.
Extra allowances can sometimes be earned for additional responsibilities and length of service.
Salaries outside the NHS, typically within local authorities, vary as there are no set pay scales.
Income data from Health Careers. Figures are intended as a guide only.
You'll usually work a standard 37.5 hours per week. Some evening work at clinics, drop-in centres and support groups may be required. If you're involved in project work and development activities, you'll need to work the hours dictated by the project.
Opportunities exist for career breaks, part-time work and job-sharing, as well as bank work.
What to expect
- Travel during the day within the local area to carry out home visits to parents and children is common. You'll also need to attend clinics and support groups in regional surgeries and centres.
- There is no uniform but there is a dress code. You'll typically be expected to wear smart, appropriate clothes and they'll need to be comfortable for when you're examining children.
- Working with families and young children, including those at risk, means that you may find the job stressful and challenging on occasions. Risk to personal safety may be an issue, depending on the role and situation.
- Posts are available throughout the UK and the amount of vacancies is expected to continue to rise.
- It's unlikely that you'll need to be away from home overnight and overseas work or travel is uncommon.
To become a health visitor, you must first be a qualified and registered nurse (in any field) or midwife. You then need to undertake an approved training programme in Specialist Community Public Health Nursing - Health Visiting (SCPHN - HV).
SCPHN - HV training is carried out at degree or Masters level. This usually takes one year full time or the equivalent part time to complete. You will need to be sponsored or seconded by a health provider organisation who will provide your clinical placement and supervisor. You will have to apply for this and training opportunities are usually advertised by NHS Jobs.
Half of your time on the course is spent on theory work in university with the other half being in practice with your health provider organisation.
If you aren't a registered nurse or midwife but have completed a health-related degree, it may be possible to complete the pre-registration nursing training in two years, instead of three, if you can provide sufficient evidence. This will then be followed by the one-year SCPHN - HV course.
Before joining an NHS trust, you'll be required to undergo a series of pre-employment checks including occupational health and Disclosure & Barring Service checks.
Competition for traineeships is high, so you may need to apply in more than one year to gain a place on a course.
You'll need to show:
- an approachable personality, and the ability to get on well with and gain the trust of people of all ages and backgrounds
- excellent communication, questioning and listening skills, as well as the ability to interpret body language and other non-verbal communication
- sensitivity, empathy, patience and tact
- the ability to work independently and autonomously as well as in multidisciplinary teams
- good time management, organisational skills and the ability to prioritise a varied workload
- influencing skills and the ability to motivate people to make lifestyle changes
- the emotional maturity to deal with potentially distressing issues and challenging situations
- an interest in health and social issues and in developing programmes that will improve public health
- a willingness to take responsibility and make appropriate professional judgements with confidence.
The experience and knowledge gained through your nursing or midwifery training is the most important but other pre-entry experience that demonstrates a commitment to working in the community or is directly relevant to the work of a health visitor is useful.
Find out more about the different kinds of work experience and internships that are available.
Health visitors are mainly employed by the NHS within a range of settings but you can also find employment with local authorities.
You may be attached to a general practice and undertake home visits throughout the practice area, as well as see patients within the surgery. You could also be based in community and outreach clinics or Sure Start centres.
In some areas, it's possible to work as a member of a staff 'bank' and provide cover for vacancies. It may also be possible to find work through specialist nursing agencies.
Once you have experience, you can work for universities or other academic institutions as a lecturer or tutor. You can also work with new health visitors in a tutoring role.
There are limited opportunities to work within the charitable/voluntary sector.
Look for job vacancies at:
- HSCRecruit - for health and social care jobs in Northern Ireland
- Institute of Health Visiting - Jobs
- Local Government Jobs
- NHS Jobs - jobs and trainee positions in England and Wales
- NHS Scotland Recruitment
There are a number of specialist recruitment agencies handling both temporary and long-term vacancies.
To work in the UK as a nurse or midwife, and then also as a health visitor, you must be registered with the Nursing & Midwifery Council (NMC). To maintain your registration, you'll have to complete revalidation every three years.
This involves completing at least 450 hours of registered practice and 35 hours of continuing professional development (CPD), which must include 20 hours of participatory learning. Find out more at Nursing & Midwifery Council (NMC) - Revalidation.
Various activities are recognised as professional development including conference or seminar attendance, distance learning study and personal research. Opportunities for training and professional development are offered by the Institute of Health Visiting.
You'll typically be offered training through your local trust to support your professional development. There are various courses, both in-house and external, that you may wish to attend, in areas such as:
- child protection
- positive parenting
- postnatal depression
- domestic violence.
Depending on individual trusts, there are other opportunities to develop areas of professional interest through post-registration degrees or research projects. You can also get involved in initiatives aimed at improving or enhancing specific areas of healthcare services.
Many health visitors remain in a frontline role throughout their career but there are other routes you can progress onto using the skills acquired as a practising health visitor.
You may decide that you want to become a team manager/community matron. In addition to your health visitor duties, you'll be responsible for managing and providing clinical supervision to teams of health visitors and other community staff. You'll need to have relevant experience, and education to postgraduate diploma level is usually required.
You could also become a specialist health visitor, which involves working with communities, families and individuals with specific health and social needs. This may include undertaking specialist service planning and working with other agencies. You'll also provide training and clinical supervision to health visitors and students. You'll need a Masters, or equivalent qualification, for this role.
Another possibility is to move into strategic or clinical governance roles or to teach or train nurses or other health visitors. Job profiles of many of these areas can be found on the Health Careers website.
You can find out more about programmes for leadership development from NHS Leadership Academy.
With relevant experience, there are also opportunities to work abroad in health services and voluntary organisations.