A career in interior and spatial design combines architectural knowledge, project management and creative design skills
Interior and spatial designers are involved in the design or renovation of internal spaces, including structural alterations, furnishings, fixtures and fittings, lighting and colour schemes.
You may work in a range of different commercial, leisure or domestic settings. The job combines the efficient and functional use of space with an understanding of aesthetics. Some designers, particularly in the domestic market, are concerned solely with the appearance, rather than the structure, of the interior.
As an interior and spatial designer, you'll need to:
In addition, you may also sometimes act as a project manager for the client throughout the construction stage. This can involve coordinating the design on-site and even managing the construction team.
Salaries vary widely and depend on location and your reputation and contacts. It is possible to command high earnings, particularly when you're involved with high-profile 'prestige' projects.
Income figures are intended as a guide only.
Typical hours include regular extra hours but not shifts. Evening and weekend work should be expected. Since the designer's role is often integral to a larger construction and development process, flexibility with working hours is an accepted part of the job.
Part-time work is possible. Self-employment and freelance work are common.
You will usually need a relevant degree, foundation degree or HND to be a professional designer. The following subjects are preferred:
Degrees, foundation degrees or HNDs in the following subjects are also useful:
Entry without a degree or HND is possible if you have significant experience and creative flair.
Pre-entry postgraduate qualifications aren't needed, but specialist courses can enable you to move into interior/spatial design from another area of art and design. Taking a course in CAD or Photoshop may be useful.
You will need to have:
Competition for work experience is strong so it's important to be proactive when looking for opportunities. Many courses provide students with the opportunity to showcase their work. However, as few graduates are offered work from their degree shows, it's vital to network and take advantage of any opportunities. Make as many contacts as possible during your studies and work experience, as they may be able to help you get your career started.
A good way of making contact with established designers is by joining the Chartered Society of Designers (CSD). There are now many websites where you can showcase your work to employers and potential clients, for example, Arts Thread.
The demand for talented interior designers is steadily increasing, although competition remains fierce. Selection is often based on a portfolio that shows your design skills, as well as your capacity to get involved in a range of different projects. It's unusual for employers to offer traineeships, and speculative approaches are strongly advised.
Interior and spatial designers usually work for architects or design consultancies (interior or multidisciplinary) in private practice, or for commercial organisations with in-house design departments.
Many work on a freelance basis or are self-employed, although it is uncommon to set up your own business without substantial experience and having built up a reputation and a list of contacts.
Clients may include:
There are increasing opportunities to work for domestic customers in the expanding field of house interiors. This can include the restoration or maintenance of historically important buildings as part of a team made up of conservation officers, architects, designers and other professionals.
Look for job vacancies at:
Design directories, such as the Directory of Design Consultants, are useful for identifying design companies to target with a speculative CV or personal call.
Large consultancies offer on-the-job training and some provide courses on subjects such as negotiation, marketing (particularly branding), website creation, CAD and software packages such as Photoshop, Flash and Illustrator.
Continuing professional development (CPD) courses, including training seminars and workshops are accessible to members of the CSD. Members are awarded a professional practice certificate to document this professional development.
Professional practice seminars on a range of subjects including business practice and regulatory matters are available throughout the year to members of the BIID. Members are required to undertake a certain amount of CPD each year to update personal and professional skills, as well as network and share ideas.
Further study provides the opportunity to experiment, diversify or obtain specialist knowledge in order to progress in your career. Masters and PhDs are available in specialised areas of interior design and related subjects. Further education (FE), art and design or private colleges also run short courses. It's important to research courses thoroughly to ensure they meet your requirements. Useful subjects to study include:
Typically, interior designers spend the first five to ten years of their career developing and building on existing skills and knowledge, as well as gaining further experience. Beyond that, there is no definite or structured career path, and the extent and speed of career progression depends on the setting and your performance, aptitude and dedication.
Newly qualified junior designers tend to work alongside more experienced colleagues. You'll typically be given responsibility for parts of a project and can also assist with gathering information and putting together 'mood' or 'sample' boards for presentations to clients. This can lead to increased responsibility, depending on your performance.
Specialisations and further professional qualifications at Masters or PhD level can enhance your chances of promotion, while moving from a larger consultancy to a smaller one can mean more responsibility. Search for postgraduate courses in interior design.
It's important to build up a portfolio as you progress in your career. This can help both in terms of promotion within a company or consultancy, and in attracting new clients if you're self-employed. The majority of established interior and spatial designers showcase their work online to potential clients. Freelance work for consultancies, practices or individual clients is possible with experience, as is setting up your own business or becoming a partner in a consultancy.