Land/geomatics surveyors measure and collect data on specific areas of land, including information about boundaries, buildings and features, both natural and man-made.
Geomatics is one of the most technologically advanced of the surveying specialist roles and has a key function in a diverse range of sectors, including:
- geographical information systems;
- offshore engineering and exploration.
Land/geomatics surveyors assess land due for redevelopment and survey a range of different areas, including airports, landfill sites, mines and quarries and pipeline and distribution systems.
The term 'geomatics' tends to be more commonly used than 'land surveying' in the industry.
Tasks carried out by a land/geomatics surveyor vary depending on the area they are working in but can include:
- making use of geographical information systems (GIS) to analyse and interpret site features;
- producing detailed information (subsequently analysed by planners, builders and cartographers);
- using a range of equipment to produce surveys, including GPS and conventional methods;
- analysing information thoroughly before it is handed over to other professionals;
- measuring the ground, including aspects such as small and large-scale distances, angles and elevations;
- gathering data on the earth's physical and man-made features through surveys;
- processing data;
- undertaking digital mapping;
- thinking creatively to resolve practical planning and development problems;
- interpreting data using maps, charts and plans;
- utilising data from a range of sources, such as aerial photography, satellite surveys and laser beam measuring systems;
- using computer-aided design (CAD) and other IT software to interpret data and present information;
- keeping up to date with new and emerging technology;
- providing advice to a variety of clients.
Surveyors who have chartered status are more likely to be involved in the managing and monitoring of projects from start to finish.
- Starting salaries for land/geomatics surveyors are in the region of £20,000 to £25,000.
- Surveyors with experience and chartered status can earn around £25,000 to £45,000.
- Working at a senior level with management or partnership responsibilities can see salaries of up to £70,000.
- The 2015 Rewards and Attitudes survey by RICS and Macdonald & Company reports that the average salary for geomatics professionals is £41,896.
Salaries are dependent on several factors, including the company's location and sector.
Income figures are intended as a guide only.
Working hours are mainly 9am to 5pm, but this varies between locations and may not be the case when work is based overseas. Longer hours, weekend or shift work may sometimes be required to meet deadlines.
What to expect
- Surveyors frequently work away from home and are often paid for travelling time. They may travel considerable distances within the UK. Car and petrol allowances are available.
- Work is both office and site-based. You must expect to spend a good part of your time working outdoors and in all weather conditions.
- It is possible to become self-employed, although the majority of land/geomatics surveyors are in salaried employment as it is not always easy to find your own work.
- There are currently more men than women in this area of work. Advice and support for women interested in careers in this field is available from WISE (Women into Science, Engineering and Construction) .
- Surveys must be completed to deadlines and this can sometimes be stressful.
- Overseas work is widely available, mostly on a short-term basis, although individuals are sometimes required to remain abroad for a substantial period of time. Overseas allowances are available.
- Some multinational companies offer opportunities for extended work overseas.
Entry to land/geomatics surveying is possible from a number of disciplines but most employers prefer graduates to have a relevant surveying degree, or to have shown an interest in the area by choosing surveying modules as part of their course.
Examples of preferred degrees include:
- civil or structural engineering;
- earth science;
- environmental science;
- geographical information science;
- geography or physical geography;
- land or estate surveying;
- surveying and mapping science.
Many surveyors work towards achieving chartered status with either the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) or the Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB). Studying an accredited course shortens the length of time you have to spend in professional training, which lasts at least one year. Information on accredited degrees can be found at:
If you do not have an accredited or relevant first degree, you can complete an accredited postgraduate course. Distance learning part-time courses are also available for those who may want to study while working.
Postgraduate courses in specialist areas are available for those aiming to move into a particular area of the industry. These include subjects such as geodetic surveying, environmental management and earth observation, hydroinformatics and geographical information science. A first degree in a subject such as geomatics, engineering, geography, maths or physics is usually required for entry to these courses.
If you have an HND or foundation degree only, you could find work at a lower level such as surveying technician, assistant land surveyor or digital mapping assistant. You could then take further qualifications, perhaps while working, to become a geomatics surveyor.
It is possible for school and college leavers to enter surveying with training accessed through a modern apprenticeship. You start as an assistant surveyor and progress through a combination of work and study.
It is a good idea to become a student member of a relevant professional body, such as:
- Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB)
- Chartered Institution of Civil Engineering Surveyors (ICES)
- Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS)
This will keep you up to date with industry developments and provide an invaluable opportunity to network.
For a general introduction and details of the pathway to qualification, see the RICS Geomatics Professional Group.
You will need to demonstrate evidence of the following skills and qualities:
- knowledge of geographical information systems (GIS) and CAD as well as general IT skills;
- decision-making skills and the ability to work independently;
- oral and written communication skills;
- high levels of numeracy;
- the ability to handle responsibility;
- map work orientation skills (for work in the field);
- accuracy, especially when using equipment;
- the capacity to identify problems quickly and to offer solutions;
- the ability to conceptualise 2D and 3D information.
Geomatics is one of the fastest expanding global markets. The discipline is driven by advances in technology, such as geographical information systems (GIS) and global navigation satellite systems, and maintains its role in land law and other socio-economic areas.
Throughout the world, the changing nature of mapping and spatial data management means that there is significant demand for chartered land/geomatics surveyors.
Land/geomatics surveying skills are required in a multitude of organisations in both the private and public sectors.
Employment opportunities exist in:
- construction companies;
- engineering contractors and consultancies;
- geophysics consultancy companies;
- government agencies;
- local authorities and central government;
- mapping companies, including those working on relatively unmapped areas of the world;
- mining companies;
- specialist surveying and geomatics companies that provide services for areas such as property development, construction and
- heritage management;
- utilities companies;
- Ordnance Survey (OS)
Some employers have only a small number of surveyors on their staff.
Look for job vancancies at:
Macdonald and Company is a recruitment agency approved by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) that specialises in vacancies for property and construction professionals.
Speculative applications may be successful, especially to smaller companies. Directories of relevant employers are available from RICS Find a Surveyor.
Many land/geomatics surveyors decide to work towards professional qualification and chartered status once they have started their career.
To become chartered with the RICS, you need to complete the Assessment of Professional Competence (APC). This is built around specific assignments linked to your chosen branch of surveying. You will need at least two years' experience of working in the role to be able to pass the APC.
You can also gain professional qualification with the CIOB.
Employers will provide general training on the job and may offer specific training on the use of specialist equipment. Some surveyors choose to complete a relevant postgraduate qualification, which can help with career progression.
Rapid changes in technology mean that as a land/geomatics surveyor you will need to update your skills and knowledge on a regular basis. This is why continuing professional development (CPD) is vital in the role.
A range of workshops, conferences and courses are available through RICS, CIOB and the ICES.
Geomatics professionals can move into a range of areas, including:
- offshore engineering and exploration;
Whichever sector you specialise in, you will need to continue to study for professional qualifications. Gaining chartered status with the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) or the Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB) can help with career progression and may bring higher salaries.
Career development depends on the industry you move into. In the more common employing sectors, such as construction, engineering and surveying, graduates generally start as junior surveyors. In some companies, this role may be undertaken with an additional role, such as a CAD (computer-aided design) technician.
With experience and training, you can progress into a role as a surveyor and then you may go on to manage a team within your organisation.
How you progress will depend on professional qualifications and the size of your employing organisation. Geographic mobility can also be helpful to career development.
It is possible for land/geomatics surveyors to move between the public and private sectors. It may be possible to become a self-employed consultant although this will require significant experience and contacts.