As the world's most popular tourist destination, there are many excellent reasons to visit France - but to see the country from a new perspective, you could consider working and living here

With a population of nearly 67 million, making it the largest country in Europe, you'll never be lost for things to see and do in France. From the world-famous landmarks of Paris, including amazing Gothic architecture in the form of Sainte-Chapelle and Cathédrale Notre-Dame, to the sandy beaches and blue waters of the coastal French Riviera, and the spectacular ski slopes of the Alps and Pyrenees.

However, it's essential that you learn the language before you make the move, especially as short-term contracts are more readily available than permanent positions. Once you're there, you'll enjoy a high standard of living benefitting from a robust healthcare system and a generous holiday allowance.

Jobs in France

Major contributors to the French economy include tourism, agriculture, energy, manufacturing, transport and technology. The country is renowned for its luxury goods, fashion and cosmetics industries.

Many large and multinational companies are based in France, including:

  • Airbus
  • AXA
  • Citroën
  • Danone
  • L'Oréal
  • Michelin
  • Peugeot
  • Renault
  • Total
  • Ubisoft.

Tourism is a vital part of the economy, so you'll easily find seasonal jobs at campsites or ski resorts, while there are also opportunities to teach English as a foreign language.

Popular graduate jobs

  • Aircraft
  • Automobiles
  • Electronics
  • Food processing
  • Textiles

Search for jobs in France at:

Skills shortages

Despite having the third largest economy in Europe and the sixth largest worldwide (Investopedia), unemployment has continued to be an issue in France. The rate may have fallen towards the end of 2019, but it still means that 8.1% of the population are out of work.

This is due to a mismatch of companies' needs and the skills available in the workforce to fulfil these positions. In particular, the information technology (IT), health and engineering sectors are suffering a shortage of qualified workers to fill vital vacancies, while agricultural, manufacturing and mining workers are in surplus.

With thousands of positions available, if you've got the skills employers are looking for and the necessary qualifications, finding a job in France shouldn't be that difficult.

How to get a job in France

You apply for jobs in France by email, online application forms or by posting your CV and cover letter to the company. Be prepared to produce these in both English and French, even if you're applying for an English-speaking role, as many companies will expect this.

A French CV should be no more than one side of A4 for a junior position. It should highlight your language proficiency, work experience (in reverse chronological order) and educational achievements. There should be no unexplained gaps in your education or work history.

Your cover letter should be succinct, drawing on your most relevant experience to explain why you're a suitable candidate for the position. Don't attach your transcripts to your cover letter - French employers will ask to see these in person if your application is successful.

Beyond this first stage, the application process is rigorous. Companies can hold up to four interviews, and you should be clued up on the company, as well as French business jargon before you arrive. The French value punctuality and smart business dress, so you should be prepared for a formal interview setting.

French employers look favourably on speculative applications and networking, so if you're struggling to find advertised work, take a proactive approach and contact the companies you'd like to work for directly.

Summer jobs

There are plenty of opportunities in the hospitality and tourism sector in the summer months. This is particularly the case with cities such as Paris, Montpellier and Nice where jobs can be found in hotels, bars, cafés, and restaurants.

Another option is to work on a campsite through a travel company such as Canvas Holidays or Eurocamp, with these opportunities available nationwide.

Finally, you could consider other seasonal employment, such as working as a grape picker in the thriving farming and wine industry, or temporary positions in ski resorts during the busy winter months.

As a foreign worker, you'll be paid at least the French statutory minimum wage (SMIC), which is €10.15 per hour (March 2020).

Visit One World 365 and SeasonWorkers.com to search for seasonal jobs in France.

Alternatively, you could volunteer with an organisation such as the European Voluntary Service (EVS). Funded by the European Commission (EC), these projects are aimed at people aged 17 to 30, giving young people the chance to volunteer for up to 12 months in a number of European and non-European countries, of which France is one.

You can find other voluntary placements through:

Teaching jobs

There's a high demand for English teachers in France, as the country looks to keep ties with the English-speaking jobs market. You'll find teaching positions in private and state schools, language colleges, town halls, universities or within a company, teaching business English to its employees.

You can find out more about teaching abroad as an English language assistant through the British Council or CIEP. Although you'll be teaching English, both schemes stipulate the need for a good standard of French, which you can demonstrate by taking a language test, if required. You'll also need to have completed at least two years of a Bachelors degree or its equivalent.

For more information, visit:

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Internships

Completing an internship is a great way to experience life in another country while furthering your career. In France, an internship is known as a 'stage' and lasts for a maximum of six months.

If your internship is longer than two months, you'll be entitled to a tax-free minimum stipend of over €500 (£456) per month.

You must be enrolled and studying at university to embark on an internship in France. By law, before the internship begins, you're required to sign a 'Convention de Stage', a three-way agreement between you, your university and the employer, which specifies your start and end dates, working hours and responsibilities during the internship.

Aim to apply for an internship as early as five months in advance, in the same way you would a job - by submitting a CV and cover letter electronically or by post. You can search for opportunities via:

French visas

If you're an EU (European Union) or EEA (European Economic Area) citizen, or a Swiss or Croatian national, you won't need a visa or permit to work in France. You're also no longer required to register as a resident once you arrive, as long as you possess a valid EU passport and are:

  • employed
  • self-employed
  • a student
  • a family member of an EU citizen
  • unemployed, but with sufficient funds for your stay.

If you need to register your residence, you can do so at your local town hall in France.

Non-EU/EEA citizens will need a permit to work in France. Your employer looks after this procedure, so you'll need a confirmation of employment before the process can begin. Once you've found a job, apply for a long stay visa through the French embassy or consulate in your home country - for UK citizens this would be the French Embassy in London.

You'll need to apply for a residence permit within three months of your arrival in France. This will then be valid for up to five years and must be renewed two months before it expires.

Language requirements

Even if you're working in a job where you're required to speak English, such as teaching English as a foreign language, you'll still need a good grasp of French to integrate with your community and get by while living in France.

The official French proficiency certificates, DELF and DALF, are awarded by the French Ministry of Education and you may be required to take them to prove your ability to a required standard. You can find out more about both tests at CIEP - DELF-DALF.

How to explain your qualifications to employers

UK qualifications are directly comparable to those in France, so you shouldn't have a problem explaining them to your employers. You can find out more about how qualifications are recognised by visiting ENIC-NARIC.

What's it like to work in France?

A 35-hour working week is standard in France. This was introduced with the aims of raising standards of living. In addition, you'll be entitled to time off in the form of 30 days' (five weeks) paid leave in a 12-month period as well as 11 public holidays.

The workplace typically adopts a strong hierarchal structure. Positions and their corresponding power are made very clear - it's likely you'll have very little personal contact with your boss, and you can expect to be working in a formal environment.

As of 2020, taxes for official residents are drawn in a pay as you earn (PAYE) system, across five income tax bands. As a non-resident, you can earn up to €27,519 (£25,067) at a rate of 20%, while it's 30% for earnings above this threshold.

Following the UK's exit from the EU on 31 January 2020, this information is likely to change. Please check official sources for the most up-to-date information.

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