Research course

Environmental Biology

The University of Manchester · Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health

Entry requirements

We require applicants to hold, or be about to obtain, an Upper Second class Honours degree (or overseas equivalent) in a related subject area for entry to a PhD programme. A Lower Second class Honours degree may be considered if applicants also hold a Master's degree with a Merit classification.

Months of entry

January, September, April

Course content

Our PhD/MPhil Environmental Biology programme enables you to undertake a research project that will improve understanding of Environmental Biology.

Animals, microorganisms and plants live in environments to which they have become adapted through millions of years of evolution.

They often have to respond to changes which may be biotic or abiotic in nature, and, increasingly, to anthropogenic perturbations which have resulted in global environmental change.

To understand how organisms respond and interact with one another in their natural and man-made habitats, a wide spectrum of approaches is employed ranging from molecular biology to population biology.

State-of-the-art facilities for 'controlled environments' are used to regulate climate variables and to study interactions between species. These include controlled environment rooms, animal facilities and insectaries.

Research projects involve both laboratory and field studies in temperate, arctic and tropical habitats.

Examples of areas of investigation include:

  • Seasonal and hormonal regulation of animal behaviour;
  • Reproductive strategies of plants;
  • Animal & microbes and their evolution;
  • Phenotypic plasticity and quantitative genetics;
  • Strategies of adaption in a changing world

Information for international students

For applicants whose first language is not English, or for those who have not recently studied in the United Kingdom, you must supply an official IELTS or TOEFL transcript to support your application, or provide a date on which you will be taking a test. Please note IELTS and TOEFL are only valid for two years.

We require a minimum IELTS score of 6.5 overall or TOEFL iBT 90. For the writing component, we expect that you have achieved a minimum of 6.0 (IELTS) or 21-23 (iBT). For each of the other components of the English test you should meet the minimum requirement of IELTS 5.5, TOEFL iBT 18.

For more information about English language tests see English language requirements.

We accept a range of qualifications from different countries. For these and general requirements, including English language, see entry requirements from your country .

Fees and funding

UK students
Standard £4,260, Low £8,500, Medium £15,000, High £20,000
International students
Standard £22,000, Low £23,500, Medium £29,500, High £34,500

Qualification and course duration


part time
72-96 months
full time
36-48 months


full time
12 months
part time
24 months

Course contact details

Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health
+44 (0) 161 275 5608