Combat the daily grind in the office by combining your interest in the armed forces with teaching, management and human resources

As an armed forces training and education officer, you will be a commissioned military officer responsible for education and training support within one of the three armed services. As well as teaching, managing and personnel duties, you might be responsible for specialist or technical training.

You will be expected to lead, motivate, manage, teach and act as a careers consultant and training adviser.

You must also prepare your team, ensuring they are ready to fulfil their roles in the armed forces, directing them when circumstances demand action, and using their skills and competence.


You’ll be based at education and training centres within military bases, or cover a specific geographical area.

You may be required to fulfil field operational roles occasionally.

Your duties will include:

  • analysing learning needs, both knowledge and skills;
  • directing learners to appropriate courses;
  • organising initial training for new entrants into the forces;
  • designing, setting up and running training courses;
  • instructing in subjects, including military studies, engineering and management, from the most basic level right through to technical and/or degree-level;
  • tutoring senior officers preparing for promotion;
  • coordinating language training, perhaps including English as a Foreign Language (EFL) training for officers and other ranks from the armed forces of other countries;
  • carrying out the necessary administrative tasks associated with learning programmes for individual officers and other ranks;
  • managing a team of experienced personnel;
  • liaising with external providers, such as the Open University (OU) and local technical and further education colleges;
  • supporting the education and training of the families of staff.

In addition, in field operations, activities might include:

  • media, civil liaison, community relations or transitional roles;
  • delivering low-level language or cultural awareness training.


Pay is calculated as: core salary (rank based) + supplement rate + X-Factor = annual salary.

  • The starting salary for graduate officer cadets in all three armed services (Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth and the Royal Air Force College, Cranwell) is £25,727.
  • After successful completion of initial officer training, salaries increase to £30,923 across all armed forces.
  • Salaries are rank related, and you should expect to earn more while progressing through various ranks and seniorities.

Income data from the The Ministry of Defence Pay16 The Armed Forces Pay Model. Figures are intended as a guide only.

The armed forces also offer benefits such as an excellent pension scheme, private health and dental care as well as subsidised accommodation in some cases.

Working hours

You should expect to work regular unsocial hours in all of the armed forces. Travel within a working day, absence from home at night, and overseas work or travel are frequent. Self-employment is not possible.

What to expect

  • You will work in UK bases and stations where security restrictions operate, but there is also the possibility of prolonged periods abroad or on board a ship.
  • Expect to rotate jobs and relocate every two to three years. The extent of relocation, travel and family separation will depend upon the service and posting, but support services and social and recreational facilities are good.
  • The armed services are equal opportunities employers and promote multi-culturalism, equality and diversity. They are all members of Opportunity Now, Race for Opportunity and Stonewall.
  • All posts are equally open to men and women. Opportunities for women graduates in education and training are increasing. Women are not recruited into direct combat roles, but they may sometimes operate in direct support of combat units.
  • In general, training and education officers work in offices and classrooms, but all armed forces officers are required to remain physically fit for exercises and active service in the field.
  • As an officer you are given a high level of responsibility early in your career. The work is challenging and varied but it may be stressful at times.


In all three armed forces a degree is essential for this role. Entry is not possible with a HND only.

A Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) is not a pre-requisite, but teacher training can be advantageous.

The Army will consider overseas applications. For further details, please refer to Army Careers.

The Royal Navy and the RAF will consider applications from graduates with British, Irish, Commonwealth and British/dual citizenship. To apply to the RAF, graduates must have lived in the UK for at least three years before they apply to join.

All three services run a system of sponsorship so that, if you apply for a commission prior to your final year, you may be eligible for a financial bursary per year. Your University Liaison Officer (ULO) can also give you details of sponsorship.

Potential officers in the Royal Navy attend a two-day Admiralty Interview Board (AIB) at HMS Sultan in Hampshire. This involves a formal interview and a discussion exercise. You will be required to undertake a number of fitness and mental agility tasks, including verbal and non-verbal reasoning skills, concentration and spatial orientation. You will also be tested on your potential leadership skills.

The Army and the RAF follow a similar process.


You will need to show:

  • communication skills;
  • self-motivation and flexibility;
  • the ability to lead and motivate;
  • a good level of physical fitness.

For most branches of the armed forces, there are also medical and eyesight requirements. Physical fitness with good sight and colour perception is needed. ULOs can give you up-to-date information and also give advice on vacation training, cadetships and familiarisation visits.

Your careers service can give details of your nearest Army, Navy or Air Force ULO.

Work experience

Pre-entry work experience is not generally needed, but some training can be helpful with cadet and/or reserve forces as well as:

  • University Air Squadrons (UAS);
  • University Officer Training Corps (UOTC);
  • University Royal Navy Units (URNUs).

You will be expected to demonstrate a range of aptitudes.


There are only four employers within the armed forces:

  • Army;
  • Royal Air Force (RAF);
  • Royal Marines;
  • Royal Navy.

The British Armed Forces are managed by the Defence Council of the Ministry of Defence (MoD), and are reported to be one of the largest militaries in Europe. The purposes of each of the services are the same:

  • to defend the United Kingdom and its interests;
  • to assist in keeping the peace around the world;
  • to deliver emergency humanitarian relief.

Much of the time, the armed forces achieve these aims through membership of alliances, particularly the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), but unilateral responsibilities (for example the Falklands conflict) may mean that they act alone and thus need to be equipped and trained for all aspects of modern warfare.

Britain's membership of the United Nations (UN) and her permanent place at the Security Council may also necessitate the use of armed force in defence of international security or in support of humanitarian and peace-keeping initiatives.

In addition, the forces have an important diplomatic function in representing Britain overseas with goodwill visits and also providing training for other countries' armed forces, both in the UK and abroad.

An officer's appointment in one of the armed forces services might involve working with the other services, the UN or NATO. Officers might also work at the MoD headquarters.

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Professional development

All three armed forces recruit graduates as officers and provide initial officer training (IOT) followed by specialist professional or technical training.

Army officers begin with a commissioning course at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, which lasts 44 weeks.

In the Royal Navy, IOT lasts 30 weeks and takes place at Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth.

In the RAF, officers also begin with IOT, lasting 30 weeks, which takes place at the RAF College, Cranwell.

Across the armed forces, IOT is designed to build your leadership skills. All the programmes include military, physical and academic training. You will be taught about military organisation, defence issues, current affairs and management skills; you will also learn strategic skills, such as negotiation, communication, decision-making and leadership.

Continuing professional development (CPD) and training are features of a forces career, with opportunities to gain qualifications and accreditation with civilian professional bodies.

Following commissioning, Army officers attend a nine-week educational and training course to become learning development officers (LDOs). If you do not already have a PGCE, you will be expected to qualify for this within two years of commission.

Following initial officer training in the Royal Navy, training management officers undergo a 13-week training management foundation course.

If you want to work with the Royal Marines, you will have the opportunity to complete the All Arms Commando Course.

Career prospects

As a newly commissioned officer, after IOT you will be posted to your chosen regiment or corps, to a ship for fleet training, or to a squadron or station.

Once in place, you will undertake specialist training to gain the detailed skills and particular knowledge you will need before assuming your first command.

For training management officers in the Royal Navy promotion to Lieutenant is automatic, provided you pass the training and perform to an acceptable level. Following that, opportunities exist for promotion to Lieutenant Commander and beyond.

Throughout your career, you will have the opportunity to gain recognised academic qualifications, such as an MSc in training management and consultancy.

The all-officer, all-graduate Educational and Training Services (ETS) branch of the Army is within the Adjutant General's Corps (AGC), and offers responsibility, variety, great opportunities and advancement.

LDOs follow a professional development path from PGCE and Certificate of English Language Teaching to Adults (CELTA) to Masters-level degrees.

After commissioning and gaining your PGCE and Masters, LDOs train as training development advisers (TDAs), working in training schools, headquarters and policy directorates at single-service and Defence level. The next step is becoming an officer tutor (OT).

In the RAF, training officers work within the personnel department and are based in permanent RAF stations. As a training officer you could be posted to the School of Physical Training, as the officer commanding the course design team; or you could be posted to RAF Honington, working with phase one recruits as the training and development advisor.

Working within the RAF Learning Forces is also an option. This entails ensuring that the lifelong learning of all servicemen and women is promoted and delivered, so that they can make the most of the in-service opportunities available.

The normal route in all three services is to achieve the command of your own unit at about the age of 40.

Further promotion is usually into increasingly senior staff posts. As officers' careers progress, they receive highly regarded academic and professional accreditation.

Advancement involves increased responsibility and may lead to a command and staff training course at the Joint Services Command and Staff College as a preparation for a senior command or managerial appointment.