Intelligence analysts are involved in the acquisition, evaluation, analysis and assessment of secret intelligence. They work primarily for the UK's three intelligence and security agencies and are also employed by the armed forces and police.
Intelligence analysts - also known as officers - are employed in a variety of operational roles by the:
- Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)
- Security Service (MI5)
- Secret Intelligence Service (MI6)
Intelligence sources include signals intelligence (SIGINT) and human intelligence (HUMINT), although many different sources and analytical techniques are used.
Intelligence analysts work to protect UK national security and economic well-being as well as to detect and prevent serious organised crime, such as drug trafficking.
Working to government requirements and priorities, intelligence analysts may be involved in providing support to military operations and law enforcement, detecting and preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear), counter-espionage and counter-terrorism, and disrupting threats to cyber security such as cyber espionage and computer network attacks.
The work of an intelligence analyst covers a diverse range of activities, dependent on the organisation's remit and the individual's role within a team. Each role calls for its own precise mix of skills and abilities. They may differ greatly in the police, for example, compared to the intelligence and security agencies.
Activities may typically include:
- building up intelligence pictures, identifying potential agents and targets;
- collating and validating intelligence, evaluating the reliability of sources and credibility of information;
- developing relationships with customers to understand their intelligence requirements;
- delivering information in formal reports or as presentations and desk-level briefings to customers in government, who include the Ministry of Defence (MoD), the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), the Home Office, the National Crime Agency (NCA) and HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) among others;
- developing expertise in a specific area;
- liaising and collaborating with colleagues in the UK's three intelligence and security agencies to get further information which may help to piece together the whole picture. This may take weeks, months or years.
Colleagues may include librarians (open source/public domain information specialists), cryptanalysts and mathematicians (codes and ciphers) as well as linguists.
- Starting salaries for the three agencies, Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), Security Service (MI5) and Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), are in the region of £25,500 plus benefits.
- There are opportunities to progress to higher grades, with the base-salary levels for the next two grades around £31,000 and then £39,000 after five to ten years' service. For all grades there are incremental annual increases in pay, plus bonus payment opportunities.
Income figures are intended as a guide only.
Intelligence analysts work a typical 37-hour week although they may be expected to work extra hours at times of pressure or during crises.
What to expect
- The agencies offer a range of benefits including pension schemes, childcare benefits and sports facilities.
- Job sharing, as well as part-time and flexible working arrangements are available, as are career breaks. Self-employment and freelance work are not permitted.
- The male/female ratio of intelligence analysts is split reasonably evenly.
- Location of jobs is limited to where the agencies have their main offices. GCHQ is based in Cheltenham but has other key facilities in Cornwall and Yorkshire. The headquarters for MI5 and MI6 are based in central London. MI5 also has regional offices and an office in Northern Ireland. MI6 offers the chance to spend considerable time working overseas.
- New staff usually start work at the agencies' headquarters, although there will be opportunities to work elsewhere in the UK and overseas after several years' experience. Staff are not permitted to holiday in a limited number of countries.
- Intelligence analysts working for the above mentioned agencies are bound by many of the same rules, terms and working conditions of other government departments. The key difference is the secrecy of the work. You will not be able to talk about your work to friends and family, and in the case of MI5 and MI6, you can only reveal your employer to immediate family.
UK intelligence agencies seek to recruit analysts from many different educational and ethnic backgrounds in order to tackle the diverse range of threats from within and outside the UK.
This area of work is open to graduates of any degree discipline. Degree classification requirements vary between the agencies.
Candidates with language and/or technology skills may be at an advantage but all three agencies do recruit linguist and technology specialists separately.
Candidates must be British citizens and at least one parent must also be a British citizen, or be able to demonstrate considerable ties. Further nationality rules apply.
The agencies may consider candidates who have significant work experience perhaps in an intelligence environment, such as the armed forces, in lieu of a degree qualification. In addition, the agencies may consider candidates requesting a transfer from another Civil Service department who are at executive officer level or higher.
The agencies look for individuals with personal integrity, honesty, discretion and reliability, and who can demonstrate professionalism and resilience.
You will need:
- a good aptitude for analysis, a naturally enquiring mind and excellent problem-solving skills;
- strong team-working skills;
- good report-drafting skills, with consistent attention to detail as reports will be written for readers in the highest levels of government;
- good organisational and prioritisation skills;
- willingness to learn and work with a range of IT applications, including some specialised data collection, analysis and presentation tools;
- good communication skills;
- motivation, drive, focus, initiative and innovation;
- to be responsive to changing requirements and priorities and ability to adapt to unpredictable circumstances;
- cultural sensitivity, empathy and strength of character to build relationships with people and be persuasive, especially in human intelligence work;
- the ability to work effectively under pressure, demonstrating resilience and perseverance.
The UK's three intelligence and security agencies which employ intelligence analysts are:
- Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), which gathers intelligence through the interception of communications (signals intelligence (SIGINT)) for reasons of national security, military operations and law enforcement. It also provides advice and recommendations as the Communications-Electronics Security Group (CESG), the UK's national technical authority for information assurance. The director of GCHQ reports to the Foreign Secretary;
- Security Service (MI5), which is the lead agency responsible for protecting the UK against covertly organised threats to national security, using human and technical sources. Their work includes tackling international and domestic terrorism, as well as counter-espionage work. They also provide security advice to a range of organisations - see the Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI). The director general of MI5 reports to the Home Secretary;
- Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), which collects secret foreign intelligence on issues relating to the UK's interests in national security, defence, serious crime, and foreign and economic policies. Using human and technical sources, as well as liaison with foreign counterparts, SIS obtains and provides information about the acts and intentions of foreign nationals, conducting operations overseas in the support of UK government objectives. The chief of SIS reports to the Foreign Secretary.
Other parts of the UK government contribute to intelligence collection and/or analysis, notably the:
The Ministry of Defence also employs intelligence analysts, either directly recruited as civilians into Defence Intelligence (DI), or recruited as military staff. For example, the British Army recruits intelligence analysts into the Intelligence Corps.
UK police services individually recruit criminal intelligence analysts. They analyse reported crime statistics to identify patterns in criminal behaviours in order to predict future crime and persuade senior staff to allocate crime-fighting resources accordingly. For information about working for the police force in the UK, see Police Recruitment.
Look for job vacancies at:
All three agencies separately advertise vacancies in the national press and on their own websites. In addition, the agencies' specific recruitment campaigns are often accompanied by dedicated websites. Look out for further information on this on the above websites. Candidates must apply online through the respective agencies' websites.
Other sources of vacancies include:
The agencies look for talented candidates who have an interest in national and international current affairs and who have a good understanding of information and communications technologies, combined with a willingness to keep up to date with related developments.
The selection process is likely to be lengthy. It can include a number of competency tests, telephone interviews and attendance of an assessment centre.
The agencies do not reveal details of the numbers of applications they receive or precise details of the number of vacancies available. However, they are looking for high-calibre people and competition for places is strong.
Candidates are advised not to discuss their application with anyone, and if successful at the recruitment and selection stages, they then need to pass 'developed vetting security clearance' in order to be granted access to secret intelligence.
This background-checking process can be intrusive and candidates must be prepared to answer questions about their personal life, such as relationships and finances, as well as take a drugs test. The check can take between three to six months to complete and the time lag between initial application submission and starting employment may be up to nine months.
The agencies offer structured inductions and on-the-job training programmes, combined with tailored courses that are relevant to the particular jobs.
New joiners may be offered a mentor or coach who will offer advice and guidance.
- attending internal and external courses, ranging from report writing, language learning, legislation and staff review and development to database querying techniques, internet exploitation and digital communications developments;
- attending briefings, presentations and conferences;
- shadowing colleagues;
- secondments within individual agencies and between agencies;
- visits to, and briefings from, partner organisations at home and abroad;
- e-learning training software;
- sponsorship to study for professional and academic qualifications accredited by professional bodies;
- one-to-one mentoring with more experienced team colleagues who offer support in addition to that offered by line managers.
Intelligence analysts are encouraged to develop their skills and learn new ones as part of a programme of continuing professional development (CPD).
The first posting as an intelligence analyst is likely to be for a period of between 18 months and three years, and new recruits can expect plenty of responsibility from an early stage. The agencies aim to identify people to work in specific areas from the skills, abilities and competencies identified during the recruitment process.
After this period, there are opportunities to move between jobs every two to three years and regular job rotation is actively encouraged. This may either be moving to a comparable role within operations or moving to work in other parts of the business including:
- finance; or
- team management.
Intelligence analysts are strongly encouraged to move jobs in order to maintain intellectual stimulation, take on new challenges and gain experience across a number of areas.
The nature of intelligence and security work means that it is possible for an intelligence analyst to remain in that role for many years, perhaps moving within or between teams to focus on different areas, such as a new geographical region or specific analytical techniques.
For example, the speed, depth and range of changes in information and communications technologies means that intelligence analysts are required to constantly adapt their working methods to meet new opportunities and threats.