Osteopaths apply a holistic approach of manual therapy and health advice to help people with a variety of issues from bad backs to headaches
As an osteopath, you'll use your expert knowledge of the musculoskeletal system to treat various health issues. Taking a holistic approach to the patient's health, you'll assess their symptoms along with their medical history and lifestyle to find the right treatment plan for them.
You'll use manual therapy, such as massage or physical manipulation, as well as giving health advice and sometimes exercises, to treat various conditions including:
- back, joint or muscle pain
- digestive disorders
- headaches and migraines.
Your work will be used for prevention, treatment and diagnosis, and will usually be carried out in a self-employed capacity in private practices or within the NHS.
Osteopath is a protected title, and you must be registered with the General Osteopathic Council (GOsC) to be able to practice in the UK.
As an osteopath, you'll need to:
- take detailed case histories from new patients, including both general health (lifestyle and diet) and specific symptoms
- assess the patient's general posture and check for restrictions or tensions in joints or muscles by asking them to perform a series of active movements
- undertake physical examinations by using a highly refined sense of touch (palpation) to identify any restricted, weak or strained areas of the body
- make a working diagnosis and plan treatment in partnership with the patient
- provide appropriate treatments using soft tissue techniques, gentle release techniques and other appropriate methods, such as cranial osteopathy
- make lifestyle and dietary recommendations to patients in areas such as posture, eating, exercise and relaxation
- refer patients to their GP or other specialists, if required
- maintain accurate and up-to-date patient records.
Self-employed osteopaths will need to carry out activities related to running a business including marketing and bookkeeping. While those working within the NHS may work in multidisciplinary teams alongside physiotherapists, podiatrists and acupuncturists.
If you're self-employed, your income will depend on factors such as the price you charge per hour, the number of patients you attract, how many hours you work and your running costs and overheads.
- Osteopaths typically charge £35 to £50 for a session lasting 30 to 40 minutes.
- The average initial consultation fee is £48 for a 30-minute session, followed by an average of £42 for follow-up consultations.
- If you find employment, either within the NHS or in a private clinic, you can expect to earn a salary of around £30,000 to £55,000.
Fees charged will vary depending on a range of factors, including your location and experience. Some practices pay a joining bonus.
Income figures are intended as a guide only.
You'll typically work a standard working week, although you may need to be flexible to suit your clients' needs. For example, you may choose to work some evenings or weekends. You can work either full or part time.
What to expect
- Work is carried out on a one-to-one basis and can be physically, mentally and emotionally demanding, although very rewarding.
- You'll typically get to spend more time with your patients than in other health-related careers, which can give good job satisfaction.
- Work is available in most areas in towns and cities throughout the UK.
- You're not likely to spend much time travelling or staying away overnight, although when starting out you may be based at two, or even three, different practices to make up a full working week.
- There are more than 5,300 UK-registered osteopaths, which includes just over 400 who practise abroad (GOsC).
If you want to practise as an osteopath in the UK, you must be registered with the GOsC. To do this, you need to complete a training course that is recognised by the GOsC.
Courses are generally offered at undergraduate (BSc Hons, BOst or BOstMed) or Masters (MOst) level and typically last four years full time, five years part time or a mixture of both. Qualified doctors and physiotherapists are able to take an accelerated course. See the GOsC website for a list of training courses.
Courses include elements of anatomy, physiology, nutrition, biomechanics, pathology and pharmacology, in addition to over 1,000 hours of clinical training.
Interest-free loans for undergraduate and postgraduate courses may be available from The Osteopathic Foundation. It may also provide small grants towards fees, travel and equipment to osteopaths undertaking higher education.
You'll also need to have an enhanced Disclosure and Barring Service check, as you may be working with children and/or vulnerable adults, and must be covered by professional indemnity insurance for a minimum of £5million.
Like all healthcare professionals, you also need to be 'fit to practise'. This means showing appropriate professional behaviours and being able to practice to the standards required and outlined in the Osteopathic practice standards.
You'll need to show:
- good communication for dealing with patients and explaining their treatments
- coordination and manual skills
- teamwork skills if working alongside other healthcare professionals such as physiotherapists or acupuncturists
- the ability to show empathy and work sensitively with a range of patients
- strong observational skills, a logical approach and the ability to problem solve and diagnose effectively
- initiative and independence
- the ability to work under pressure and manage your time effectively
- business awareness and administrative skills if running your own practice.
Although previous experience isn't essential, it may be useful to spend some time with a practising osteopath before applying for a place on a course. To find an osteopath near you, search the GOsC Register. Experience of working with people in a caring role is also useful.
Find out more about the different kinds of work experience and internships that are available.
Most osteopaths are self-employed and you're likely to work as an associate in an osteopathic practice before setting up your own practice or working in a group osteopathic practice.
It's possible to work from home, adapting part of it into a space in which to diagnose and treat patients. Alternatively, you might be based at a health centre, in private sports/leisure facilities or in high street shops, such as pharmacies.
Look for vacancies at:
See self-employment for information on setting up a business.
In the NHS you could work in hospitals, with doctors in general practice and in community health centres. You could also work in occupational healthcare in public bodies and private companies, such as sports clubs and city firms with their own medical centre.
To stay registered with the GOsC, you must do at least 90 hours of CPD over three years, including 45 hours of learning with others.
CPD activities can include:
- attending lectures and seminars
- taking short courses
- taking part in practical sessions
- undertaking individual study
- assessing patient feedback
- having structured discussions with colleagues.
You may wish to advance your clinical practice by taking a postgraduate course in an area such as sports care, osteopathic treatment of children or care of the elderly.
Organisations such as the Institute of Osteopathy (iO) and regional societies of osteopaths provide courses and workshops on specialist areas, as well as advice on clinical skills and running a business.
You may also want to take business-related courses in areas such as marketing and finance.
There is no formal structured career path in osteopathy, but you'll usually start by working as an associate in an osteopathic practice and then move on to set up and run your own practice. Alternatively, you might progress from an associate to working within a group osteopathic practice.
Once established, you may develop specialist interests or work with specific patient groups, for example, athletes or older people.
If self-employed, the success of your practice will depend on your entrepreneurial, marketing and networking skills. You must be committed to establishing and building your reputation, which takes time and effort. Help and guidance on how to approach this is provided by the iO.
Within the NHS, you can progress by moving into the leadership or management of a team or by pursuing an extended scope practitioner role.
Some experienced osteopaths follow an academic career teaching at one of the GOsC-approved training institutions. There are also opportunities to go into osteopathic research.