Your CV and cover letter can make or break any law firm application. Try following these tips to make the best impression…

Writing a passionate cover letter is essential for any law career, as it helps to persuade the employer that you'd be a fantastic recruit. It should be one page long, and:

  • demonstrate your knowledge of the law firm and wider legal sector
  • elaborate on your key skills, experiences and characteristics, without simply repeating your CV
  • explain why you aspire to work for the organisation.

To achieve these objectives, your legal cover letter should follow this general structure:

  • Opening paragraph - Briefly mention the position you're applying for and how you found out about it.
  • Second paragraph - Tell the recruiter who you are and the stage of career you're at. Explain how your key qualities can benefit the firm with practical evidence from your work experience, academic history or extra-curricular activities. Use powerful and positive language throughout without resorting to hyperbole.
  • Third paragraph - Tell the organisation why you’re specifically attracted to them and their work citing, if possible, any current or recent cases of interest.
  • Closing paragraph - Mention that you've enclosed your CV and look forward to hearing from the firm. Explain when you'd be available for interview and cover any practical issues you've been asked to address, such as salary expectations.

Your legal CV should be around two or three pages in length, and follow this general structure:

  • Personal details - At the top of the page, include important details such as your name, address, email and telephone number.
  • Education and qualifications - Detail any professional memberships (e.g. the Law Society) or qualifications you possess, such as the Legal Practice Course (LPC). List your degree, A-levels and GCSEs; when discussing the former of these, mention the areas of law that you studied while at university and state your dissertation title.
  • Work experience - Chronologically profile your work history, including the organisation you worked for and its location, plus your job title and, if applicable, your practice areas. Describe your key tasks and responsibilities, paying close attention to the significant results of your actions. You could separate your work experience into different categories, such as legal, commercial and voluntary; use your law work experience to demonstrate your passion for a career in the field, and your part-time work to exhibit your transferable skills such as commercial awareness.
  • IT and language skills - Outline your level of proficiency with relevant software packages such as Microsoft Word and Excel, and mention any additional languages that you speak.
  • Activities and interests - Avoid listing irrelevant hobbies such as reading or listening to music. Instead, discuss your involvement in sporting teams and other organisations, highlighting any positions of responsibility you've held or awards you've gained. Quirky experiences - such as starting a new club or society at university - can help you stand out.
  • Referees - You don’t necessarily need to give references at this stage; stating 'references available on request' will usually suffice.

For more advice on what abilities recruiters in the legal sector are looking for, see 7 skills for a successful law career.

As well as following the above advice, you should also ensure that your CV is:

  • clear, concise and easy to read
  • presented using sub-headings and bullet points
  • printed on good-quality paper
  • read by a friend, family member or careers adviser before submission
  • submitted well before the deadline
  • typed in size-11 Arial, or a similarly clear and professional-looking font.

How to target your application to a law firm

It's much wiser to submit between five and ten highly targeted applications than dozens of generic, copy-and-paste ones. Every application should be treated as an individual project.

Thoroughly research the prospective organisation - the more you know about the firm, the more tailored your application will be. Regularly checking the news sections of firms' websites will allow you to reference current cases and projects in your application and understand which skills would come in useful. What's more, possessing such knowledge will allow you to address your application to the most relevant individual.

All of this also helps you to determine whether your skills and career preferences would be suited to the specialist work that the firm undertakes - and vice versa. This is as invaluable when choosing a law firm as attending law fairs, open days and vacation schemes.

What to leave out of your CV

When writing your CV, you shouldn't:

  • leave any unexplained gaps in your career history
  • lie or joke
  • use overly outlandish formatting
  • use pictures or tables
  • write bland profile or objective sections
  • write 'CV' or 'curriculum vitae' at the top.