To enter the popular HR industry, make sure you've got the right skills and qualifications to impress your employers and future clients
Lasting three years, you'll study the basics of working in human resources - including staff recruitment and retention, strategy, training and managing people. Your first and second years will usually be spent covering general topics, while in your third year you'll be able to take optional modules that align with your career goals. You may also be asked to do a research project or dissertation.
You could also have the option to do a placement year, usually after your second year. As well as gaining practical experience, you'll also earn a salary. However, doing this will extend your human resources degree to four years, so you'll have to weigh up what's best for you.
Some courses are accredited by the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD), which means on graduation you'll receive a professional level of membership, subsequent to joining and membership fees.
Masters in HR
If you're a graduate looking to make a career change, or you have a relevant degree but want to deepen your HR knowledge to increase your chances of securing employment, consider studying for a Masters in HR to stay ahead of the competition.
Full-time HR Masters degrees are typically a year in length. Many institutions also offer the option of studying part time over the course of two to four years.
The specific modules you take will depend on the course you're on, but generally you'll study:
- the role of HR in organisations
- improving employee relations
- skills development, in relevant areas such as organisation, motivational techniques and retaining a team.
If you're more suited to distance learning, the Open University's MSc in Human Resource Management can be taken over the course of up to seven years.
Course fees vary. For instance, the London School of Economics (LSE) offers 2018/19 entry onto its MSc Human Resources and Organisations for £23,448. However, an MA in Human Resource Management from the University of Plymouth is significantly cheaper at £9,500. Southampton Business School offers its MSc in Human Resource Management for £12,400.
Look into the specifics of your chosen course to make sure it's right for you before applying. Once you've made your decision, you can begin to look into postgraduate funding options and deadlines.
The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) is the professional body for HR management professionals. To apply for many HR roles, you'll need to complete a CIPD-accredited course.
They're offered at three levels, recognised by the Regulated Qualification Framework (RQF):
- Foundation - for those starting out in their career or already working in support roles this A-level (Level 3) equivalent qualification is for you.
- Intermediate - if you're already working in HR, this undergraduate standard (Level 5) qualification is for you to enhance your skills and knowledge.
- Advanced - this postgraduate standard (Level 7) qualification is for experienced professionals looking to move up to a strategic level and become a chartered member.
As well as these levels, CIPD courses come in a range of sizes:
- Award - a 'bitesize' qualification where you'll learn about one area of HR.
- Certificate - the most popular entry-level qualification where you'll gain an all-round grasp of the essentials for a career in HR.
- Diploma - the largest size of qualification.
CIPD offers full and part-time courses taught digitally, through block learning or by incorporating workplace evidence if you're taking the course while working.
If you study for an Intermediate or Advanced Certificate or Diploma, you'll be able to apply for associate CIPD membership upon obtaining your qualification. If you successfully complete the Advanced Diploma, with the right experience and skills you'll be eligible to upgrade to Chartered membership.
Entry requirements and course fees are set by the individual centres that provide the courses. They'll also be able to advise you on application deadlines and start dates. To see what's available, search CIPD-accredited Masters courses.
Online HR courses
If your circumstances aren't suited to block learning or attending a college or university, there are plenty of online HR courses available.
CIPD's official partner, AVADO, offers level 5 courses in HR and learning and development. To complete an AVADO course you'll only need to commit 5-12 hours per week to your studies for roughly 12 months.
Alternatively, you could take an online course with ICS, who offer HR courses up to the level 7 Advanced Diploma.
HR courses aren't restricted to the classroom. A range of alternative HR training is available to give you a career boost:
- Peninsula's HR training consists of webinars held weekly, covering topics such as annual leave entitlements and statutory sick pay. You'll earn continuing professional development (CPD) credits from attending these webinars and have the opportunity to chat with the webinar leader.
- CIPD's HR short courses are offered both residentially and in-house, delivered over one to three days.
Discuss your options with your employer. They may be willing to foot the bill for any HR training you'd like to complete, and will be able to help you find other training opportunities.
To find out more, search online postgraduate HR courses.
The Recruitment and Employment Confederation (REC) is the UK's professional recruitment body, offering qualifications from GCSE standard, level 2, to degree standard level 5 on the RQF.
Diplomas are offered at levels 4 and 5 for those aiming towards, or currently working in, senior roles within recruitment. You'll complete the qualification on the job, with flexible learning opportunities at level 4 and on-demand enrolment at level 5.
You could also carry out a recruitment apprenticeship, earning a wage as you learn on the job and gain a recruitment qualification. Take a look at the REC list of approved providers to get started.
Joining a professional body is optional in recruitment, although doing so can be valuable for developing networks and continuing professional development (CPD).
For instance, membership of the CIPD grants you access to the resources you'll need to help you complete your course as well as keep your skills as a HR professional up to date.
Joining a body also gives you a professional identity within the industry and demonstrates your commitment to best practice, delivering quality service to your clients and that you're taking your personal development seriously.
In the UK, you could join one of the following bodies: