A variety of careers are open to those interested in working with children - jobs require security clearance and the right combination of qualifications, skills and experience
Whether you want to work with early years (pre-school), children (school age), young people (teenagers) or families you should be able to find a job in the public, private or not-for-profit sector.
You'll need to possess the required qualifications and a significant amount of work experience to be successful. You'll also need to undergo security checks and keep your professional development up to date through relevant training.
Read on to discover how to secure a job working with children.
Jobs with children
The main sectors that employ people to work with children include the charity and voluntary work, healthcare, social care and teaching and education sectors. However, jobs with children are available in other industries such as law, leisure, sport and tourism and public services and administration, where you could become a family lawyer, sports coach or children's librarian respectively.
The healthcare sector provides a number of opportunities when it comes to jobs with children including children's nurse, health visitor, paediatrician and speech and language therapist. Within social care you could work as a:
Unsurprisingly the teaching and education sector can offer a variety of opportunities to work with children. You could become a:
- careers adviser
- early years teacher
- educational psychologist
- English as a foreign language teacher
- learning mentor
- museum education officer
- primary school teacher
- secondary school teacher
- special educational needs teacher
- teaching assistant
The majority of jobs with children require candidates to undergo a Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) check, which helps employers to protect vulnerable groups and make safer recruitment decisions. As part of the DBS check your criminal record history is accessed and you're checked against a list of named individuals who have harmed, or pose a risk of harm, to vulnerable people and are barred from working with them. Once cleared you will receive a DBS certificate.
Nursing, social work and teaching are all graduate jobs, and you'll need a specific degree, either at undergraduate or Masters level to enter these professions. For more information on entry requirements see job profiles.
If you know that you'd like to work with children but would prefer to keep your career options open, a more general degree may suit you. Both Kingston University London and the University of Hull offer first degree courses in working with children and young people. Blending theory with practice these programmes prepare you for a career working with children in a variety of settings and roles.
At postgraduate level Anglia Ruskin University and the University of Cumbria offer full and part-time courses in Children and Young People, and Working with Children, Adolescents and Families respectively. These programmes are designed to prepare graduates for careers working with children in a range of industries including education, healthcare and social care.
Do some research and search postgraduate courses to find a programme that meets your career needs.
Vocational courses, such as CACHE (Council for Awards in Care, Health and Education) qualifications, are available from Level 1 (entry level) to Level 5 (for experienced professionals). CACHE qualifications are well-known and widely respected throughout the childcare industry. Their Children and Young People programmes cover:
- Caring for Children
- Introduction to Health and Social Care (adults, children and young people)
- Child Development and Care
- Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities
- Paediatric First Aid
- Supporting Children and Young People’s Speech, Language and Communication
- Residential Childcare
- Leadership and Management for Residential Childcare
- Leadership for Health and Social Care and Children and Young People's Services.
Work experience with children
Relevant work experience will give you a distinct advantage when applying for a place on a postgraduate course or for a job.
There are a huge number of volunteering opportunities that involve working with children. You could give your time to local sports, activity or youth clubs, work at after-school, summer or holiday clubs or get involved in community play schemes. You could also volunteer in schools and shadow teachers, assistants and admin staff or become a reading mentor. Other options include volunteering at children's centres, children's hospices and on hospital children's wards, or donating your time to charities such as Barnardo's, ChildLine and the NSPCC.
To gain a placement utilise your contacts and apply speculatively to local organisations and groups. Search for volunteering opportunities at:
Discover more about work experience and internships.
Jobs with children demand a high level of responsibility and, while they are incredibly rewarding, not everyone has the necessary skills or personality.
To be successful you will need:
- a caring and patient nature
- excellent communication skills including written, verbal and listening ability
- the ability to work as part of a team
- the capacity to think on your feet and stay calm in stressful situations
- leadership skills
- imagination and creativity
- problem-solving ability
- good organisational and time management skills
- a non-judgemental approach and respect for diversity
- a professional attitude to work
- a strong regard for health and safety - a first aid certificate will be useful.
Continuing professional development is essential when working with children. It's vital that you work hard to keep your skills and knowledge up to date in order to progress throughout your career.
A number of organisations provide further training opportunities. Local councils offer a range of courses for all staff working within Children's Services. Training can cover first aid, health and safety, information management, leadership and management and Special Educational Needs (SEN).
City and Guilds also offers a suite of training courses for those working with children, including qualifications in youth work, youth justice, parenting services and childcare.
Children's charities such as Barnardo’s and the NSPCC provide training in child protection, safer recruitment, working with children and young people and safeguarding.
All organisations that work or come in to contact with children will have safeguarding policies and procedures in place to ensure that children are protected from harm. Therefore safeguarding is an important aspect of any job that concerns working with children. If your qualifications didn't touch on this topic, additional training will prove incredibly useful.