As a criminology graduate with critical thinking, analytical and communications skills, you're attractive to employers both inside and outside the criminal justice sector
Jobs directly related to your degree include:
- Civil service administrator
- Community development worker
- Crime scene investigator
- Police officer
- Prison officer
- Probation officer
- Social worker
- Youth worker
Jobs where your degree would be useful include:
- Adult guidance worker
- Border Force officer
- Charity officer
- Housing manager/officer
- Local government officer
- Political risk analyst
- Social researcher
Remember that many employers accept applications from graduates with any degree subject, so don't restrict your thinking to the jobs listed here.
Employers value work experience and there is a range of paid and voluntary opportunities available. These include working with offenders, criminal justice agencies, social work and community education departments, and victims of crime. Specific roles include prison visiting, working as a special constable, and involvement in drug treatment schemes or youth/bail hostels for young offenders.
Some courses offer a placement year, which can help you gain insight into particular areas of work and build up contacts for future jobs.
Think about the group or the environment you're interested in working with and how you could get involved with local support groups or projects. Narrowing down your preferences will allow you to focus on specific employers and voluntary organisations.
Search for placements and find out more about work experience and internships.
Major employers include:
- central and local government
- the police
- prison and probation services
- the court services
- security services
- non-profit-making organisations, including the NHS and charities that work with young offenders or victims of crime.
Opportunities exist in the private sector, for example in private security and in law practices.
It's also possible to work in a range of social welfare posts, such as mental health support and drug rehabilitation, housing (as housing officers or in outreach support roles), as homelessness officers, and in refugee and victim support/counselling.
Other areas of work include criminal intelligence, social work, counselling, teaching and research.
Skills for your CV
Studying criminology develops your understanding of the social and personal aspects of crime, victimisation and responses to crime and deviance, as well as building specific skills such as:
- generating and evaluating evidence
- making reasoned arguments and ethical judgments
- critical thinking and problem solving
- collecting, analysing and interpreting data
- report writing.
If you study other subjects alongside criminology, you should consider the complementary skills they provide you with, for example, an increased awareness of psychology or politics related to criminology topics.
Also consider your more general skills in areas such as research, written and oral communication, IT, time management and the ability to work productively both in a group and individually.
Most criminology graduates who go on to further study choose from a range of vocational areas including social work, teaching and law conversion courses.
Some students choose to progress to Masters courses, including MAs in criminology or criminal justice. These courses enhance your subject knowledge, possibly with a view to going on to further academic research. Courses relevant to specific client groups also exist, such as a Masters in alcohol and drug studies.
What do criminology graduates do?
Protective service occupations (12%) are the most common job reported by criminology graduates 15 months after graduation. Welfare and housing associate professionals (7%), care workers (5%), HR (2%), and welfare professionals (2%) are also among the top ten jobs reported by criminology graduates.
|Working and studying||13.3|
|Type of work||Percentage|
|Retail, catering and customer service||20|
|Clerical, secretarial and administrative||17.8|
|Legal, social and welfare||15.6|
Find out what other criminology graduates are doing 15 months after finishing their degrees in What do graduates do?
Graduate destinations data from the Higher Education Statistics Agency.