Opportunities for PhD graduates to build a career outside of academia are increasing. Discover how to make your Doctorate work for you in the jobs market…

What jobs can I do with a PhD?

The most commonly held jobs for PhD graduates are:

Although getting an academic job is common among PhD graduates, a greater number of opportunities exist outside of the teaching and education sector. Indeed, more than a quarter of PhD graduates work in the science and pharmaceuticals industry. This has perhaps been helped by private sector companies becoming more research-orientated in recent years.

How do I get a non-academic job?

There are many ways to boost your chances of landing a non-academic job. You should:

  • build a network of contacts to help you unearth 'hidden' job vacancies;
  • gain relevant work experience in your chosen field;
  • search for graduate jobs;
  • use social media to join in discussions with like-minded academics, and share your research and opinions.

It's worth regularly checking sector-specific websites and publications for job adverts, such as:

How do I sell my PhD to employers?

When applying for non-academic jobs, you must demonstrate how your knowledge and expertise will benefit the employer. Focus on the transferable skills that the PhD has helped to enhance, such as:

  • communication skills - you'll have given many presentations or lectures;
  • creative thinking - PhD students are often asked to think outside the box;
  • management ability - as well as managing your own time and workload, you may have managed a small team of research assistants or mentored undergraduate students;
  • problem-solving abilities - during your PhD, you'll have tackled and solved numerous research problems.

For more information, see CVs and cover letters.

What do other PhD graduates do?

Of the PhD graduates in employment six months after graduation, around one in five works as a higher education teaching professional. The majority choose to pursue non-academic careers.

Further study2.2
Working and studying4
PhD graduate destinations
Type of workPercentage
Education professionals23.4
Legal, social and welfare9.4
Technicians and other professionals7.7
Types of work entered in the UK

PhD destinations data from the Higher Education Statistics Agency.